Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, is in Southern Asia.
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The Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century BC, probably from northern India. Partially occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century, the coastal parts island was ceded to the British in 1796, and became a british colony in 1802.
Buddhism was introduced beginning in about the mid-3rd century BC, and a great civilization developed at such cities as Anuradhapura (kingdom from c. The entire island was ceded to the British in 1815.
As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; the name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.
In May 2009 government military forces defeated the Tamil Tigers' separatist movement and ended a brutal 26 year-long war that began in 1983, thus opening up a new chapter in its history.
Since Sri Lanka is a tropical country, you can expect the rain anytime of the year in different parts of the country.
However, the two major rainy seasons are North-East monsoon (October to January) predominantly affecting the east coast and South-West monsoon (May to July) which predominantly affects the west & south coast of sri lanka.
Being an island, the climate of Sri Lanka changes dramatically from one part of the country to another.
For example at Nuwara Eliya, in the hills of Central Sri Lanka, has a temperature around 5-20°C throughout the year, whereas Hambanthota, located in the dry zone, has a temperature consistently around 30-35°C.
Mostly low, flat to rolling plain with mountains in the south-central interior rising to 2,524m at Piduruthalagala.
Sinhala, spoken by the majority Sinhalese, and Tamil, spoken by the minority Tamil and Muslim groups, are Sri Lanka's two official languages.
English is commonly used in most cities, especially Colombo, Kandy and Galle, and by government and tourism officials.