Hobbes' Internet Timeline Copyright (c)1993-2016 by Robert H Zakon.
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USSR launches Sputnik, first artificial earth satellite.
In response, US forms the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), the following year, within the Department of Defense (Do D) to establish US lead in science and technology applicable to the military (:amk:) TX-2 at MIT Lincoln Lab and AN/FSQ-32 at System Development Corporation (Santa Monica, CA) are directly linked (without packet switches) via a dedicated 1200bps phone line; Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) computer at ARPA later added to form "The Experimental Network" National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in Middlesex, England develops NPL Data Network under Donald Watts Davies who coins the term packet.
The NPL network, an experiment in packet-switching, used 768kbps lines Ray Tomlinson of BBN invents email program to send messages across a distributed network.
The original program was derived from two others: an intra-machine email program (SENDMSG) and an experimental file transfer program (CPYNET) (:amk:irh:) Project Gutenberg is started by Michael Hart with the purpose of making copyright-free works, including books, electronically available.The first text is the US Declaration of Independence (:dhr,msh:) International Conference on Computer Communications (ICCC) at the Washington D. Hilton with demonstration of ARPANET between 40 machines and the Terminal Interface Processor (TIP) organized by Bob Kahn.(October) International Network Working Group (INWG) formed in October as a result of a meeting at ICCC identifying the need for a combined effort in advancing networking technologies. By 1974, INWG became IFIP WG 6.1 (:vgc:) First ARPANET mailing list, Msg Group, is created by Steve Walker.Einar Stefferud soon took over as moderator as the list was not automated at first.A science fiction list, SF-Lovers, was to become the most popular unofficial list in the early days Meeting between Univ of Wisconsin, DARPA, National Science Foundation (NSF), and computer scientists from many universities to establish a Computer Science Department research computer network (organized by Larry Landweber).On April 12, Kevin Mac Kenzie emails the Msg Group a suggestion of adding some emotion back into the dry text medium of email, such as -) for indicating a sentence was tongue-in-cheek.