This article is about the demographic features of the population of Thailand, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. It is concentrated in the rice-growing areas of the central, northeastern, and northern regions.
Thailand's highly successful government-sponsored family planning program has resulted in a dramatic decline in population growth from 3.1 percent in 1960 to around 0.4 percent today.
In 1970, an average of 5.7 people lived in a Thai household.
At the time of the 2010 census, the figure was down to 3.2.
Even though Thailand has one of the best social security systems in Asia, the increasing population of elderly people is a challenge for the country.
Life expectancy has risen, a positive reflection of Thailand's efforts in executing effective public health policies.
The Thai AIDS epidemic had a major impact on the Thai population.Today, over 700,000 Thai are HIV or AIDS positive, approximately 2 percent of adult men and 1.5 percent of adult women.Every year, 30,000–50,000 Thai die from HIV or AIDS-related causes.Ninety percent of them are ages 20–24, the youngest range of the workforce.The situation could have been worse; an aggressive public education campaign in the early 1990s reduced the number of new HIV infections from 150,000 to 25,000 annually.Entirely preventable is the leading cause of death among the age cohort under 15 years of age: drowning.