Online sex chat filifino - Validating high stakes testing programs

The American Educational Research Association (AERA)is the nation's largest professional organization devoted to the scientific study of education.

The AERA seeks to promote educational policies and practices that credible scientific research has shown to be beneficial, and to discourage those found to have negative effects.

validating high stakes testing programs-80

Many states and school districts mandate testing programs to gather data about student achievement over time and to hold schools and students accountable.

Certain uses of achievement test results are termed "high stakes" if they carry serious consequences for students or for educators.

Schools may be judged according to the school-wide average scores of their students.

High school-wide scores may bring public praise or financial rewards; low scores may bring public embarrassment or heavy sanctions.

For individual students, high scores may bring a special diploma attesting to exceptional academic accomplishment; low scores may result in students being held back in grade or denied a high school diploma.

These various high-stakes testing applications are enacted by policy makers with the intention of improving education.

For example, it is hoped that setting high standards of achievement will inspire greater effort on the part of students, teachers, and educational administrators.

Reporting of test results may also be beneficial in directing public attention to gross achievement disparities among schools or among student groups.

However, if high-stakes testing programs are implemented in circumstances where educational resources are inadequate or where tests lack sufficient reliability and validity for their intended purposes, there is potential for serious harm.

Policy makers and the public may be misled by spurious test score increases unrelated to any fundamental educational improvement; students may be placed at increased risk of educational failure and dropping out; teachers may be blamed or punished for inequitable resources over which they have no control; and curriculum and instruction may be severely distorted if high test scores per se, rather than learning, become the overriding goal of classroom instruction.

This statement sets forth a set of conditions essential to sound implementation of high-stakes educational testing programs.

629 Comments

  1. My hardness allows me to keep going when everyone else gives up and to take care of my family through fatigue and sickness without complaining. I like to have fun and live each day like it was my last. I just really haven't had the time to date much but the boys don't need me as much as they use to and my work has changed so I think its time I do something for myself and seriously look for the man I've been so longing to find. I'm Hailey, from Burbank I love kids, animals, and good friends,but I am in need of some steamy romance..a great guy that is. I like to have fun and live each day like it was my last. i am looking for a person who is fun loving and who is a christian. I'm Brooklyn, from Corona I'm a kind, loving, sweet, sexy and intelligent..

  2. Work–life balance is a concept including proper prioritizing between "work" (career and ambition) and "lifestyle" (health, pleasure, leisure, family and spiritual development/meditation). The work–leisure dichotomy was invented in the mid-1800s.

  3. This site has a of 1/10 , it gets a total of 949 estimated unique visitors per day which produce a total of 4,176 estimated pageviews.

  4. In fact, one couple comes to mind that had similar stats as you described, though they did not live far apart – probably only a 10 mile drive from one another.

  5. All the materials on this site are in full compliance with the requirements of 18 U.

  6. Join African Love today and browse though this African personals site to find African singles that interest you.

  7. Additionally: , which provides several APIs for interacting with fragments, such as finding fragments in the activity and popping fragments off the back stack to restore their previous state.

Comments are closed.